There are several things that may cause a complication in your pregnancy. However, some are more common than others.
Your body has a great deal to do during pregnancy. During your pregnancy you may have a number of annoying problems that are not dangerous but may need some attention. Sometimes the changes taking place will cause irritation or discomfort, and on occasions they may seem quite alarming. There is rarely any need for alarm but you should mention anything that is worrying you to your maternity team.
Fortunately some simple changes can often relieve your symptoms. Always contact your doctor or midwife if you have any concerns about these or any other health problems during your pregnancy.
Feeling faint in pregnancy
Pregnant women often feel faint. This is because of the hormonal changes occurring in your body. Fainting happens if your brain is not getting enough blood and therefore not enough oxygen. You are most likely to feel faint if you stand too quickly from a chair or out of a bath, but it can also happen when you are lying on your back. You can find out more about causes of fainting.
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Indigestion is sometimes referred to as heartburn, dyspepsia or reflux. It occurs in around half of all pregnancies and is the sensation produced by acid from the stomach washing up the gullet (oesophagus). The tissues of the gullet are quite good at resisting stomach acid, but if the acid wash happens repeatedly, sore areas can develop, and are painful. Once there is a sore area on the gullet then every time acid washes up it is likely to hurt.
Incontinence in pregnancy
Incontinence is a common problem both during and after pregnancy. Sometimes pregnant women are unable to prevent a sudden spurt of urine or a small leak when they cough, laugh or sneeze, or when they move suddenly, or just get up from a sitting position. This may be temporary, because the pelvic floor muscles (the muscles around the bladder) relax slightly to prepare for the baby’s delivery. You can find out more about the causes of incontinence and preventing incontinence. You can help to prevent incontinence by doing pelvic floor exercises.
Feeling nauseous or sick during the early stages of pregnancy is extremely common, affecting about 80 per cent of women. Morning sickness usually occurs during the first three months of pregnancy, although for some women it may last longer. Although it is referred to as morning sickness, the symptoms can last throughout the day.
Constipation is very common in pregnancy. It means passing hard poo (faeces, stools, or motions), sometimes painfully. It can also involve going to the toilet to open the bowels less often than usual. Constipation can cause a great deal of tummy (abdominal) discomfort, cramping and wind (flatulence) in addition to pain when passing stools.